The light comes up on the Loman kitchen, where Happy enters looking for Willy. He moves into the living room and sees Linda. Biff comes inside and Linda scolds the boys and slaps away the flowers in Happy’s hand. She yells at them for abandoning Willy. Happy attempts to appease her, but Biff goes in search of Willy. He finds Willy planting seeds in the garden with a flashlight. Willy is consulting Ben about a $ 20,000 proposition. Biff approaches him to say goodbye and tries to bring him inside. Willy moves into the house, followed by Biff, and becomes angry again about Biff’s failure. Happy tries to calm Biff, but Biff and Willy erupt in fury at each other. Biff starts to sob, which touches Willy. Everyone goes to bed except Willy, who renews his conversation with Ben, elated at how great Biff will be with $ 20,000 of insurance money. Linda soon calls out for Willy but gets no response. Biff and Happy listen as well. They hear Willy’s car speed away.
Bernard is Charlie's good son who was a child hood friend of Biff. He was hardworking always studied and eventually became a successful lawyer. This is another clear example of the American dream being attained through hard work and maximization of an opportunity basing on ones capability those results to a better life. Will finds this success difficult to deal with. We see Bernard arguing a case at the end of the play. Uncle Ben is Willy's dead brother who went to Africa and made it big in the diamonds mines of Africa. He was rich and successful that showed him to have attained the American dream.
"Death of a Salesman" was written in 1949 by American playwright Arthur Miller. The play attempts to raise a counter example to Aristotle's characterization of tragedy as the downfall of a "great" man. During this time period there was a great depression which led to many believing in what was known as "The American Dream." Willy Loman is the main, tragic character of "Death of a Salesman" who possesses particular characteristics which make him a victim of the materialistic society in which he lives; his pursuit of the American Dream leads to his alienation and eventually his tragic downfall. Willy Loman also has various tragic flaws which are usually held by the protagonist of the play that eventually brings him to ruin or sorrow, also known as hamartia. There are many interpretations as to how far Willy Loman is to blame for his own tragic downfall.
America inspired a whole generation to believe that hard work and belief in themselves could achieve their ambitions of wealth and personal status. The context in which the book was written is clearly emphasized throughout as we can infer Willy's subliminal mind is always focused on work and achieving higher than he has; he is never satisfied which some may see as a flaw or oppositely a positive characteristic. "Why must everybody conquer the world? This line directed at Willy from his wife, Linda lets the audience infer his need for more in life when actually he is in a comfortable position already: having a house, car and a family. This presents his interpretation of the American dream as being a major reason for his tragic downfall.
The words "Nobodydast blame this man...are declared by Charley at Willy's funeral implying that he was not to blame for his failures. This emphasizes the importance of society to the audience as the American market-centered value system is responsible for what happened to him and should be blamed for his tragic downfall. "Bernard can get the best marks...