ï»¿Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart: Exploring the Ibo Culture and the
Aspect of Gender Bias
Department of English
Aligarh Muslim University
Things Fall Apart is a 1958 English novel by Nigerian author Chinua Achebe. In the
novel, Achebe explains the role of women in pre-colonial Africa. Women are relegated to
an inferior position throughout the novel. Their status has been degraded. Gender
divisions are a misconception of the patriarchy. But Okonkwo believes in traditional
gender divisions. Okonkwo wishes that his favorite child, Enzima, should have been a
boy. Okonkwo shouts at her, "Sit like a woman. (Achebe 40). When she offers to bring a
chair for him he replies, "No, that is a boy's job. (Achebe 41). On the other hand, his
son Nwoye was a disappointment to him because he has taken after his grandfather
Unoka and has feelings of love and affection in him. For same reason Okonkwo had
always resented his father Unoka also. Unoka was improvident. For him he was a failure.
Marginalization is the social process of being relegated to the fringe of society. One such
example of marginalization is the marginalization of women. This paper is an attempt to
explore the Ibo culture and to discuss women as a marginalized group in Chinua
Achebe's Things Fall Apart.
Things Fall Apart is a 1958 English novel by Nigerian author Chinua Achebe. Achebe is
indebted to Yeats for the title as it has been taken from Yeats' poem The Second Coming.
Achebe is a fastidious, skillful artist and garnered more critical attention than any other
African writer. His reputation was soon established after his novel Things Fall Apart. He
made a considerable influence over young African writers. It is seen as the archetypal
modern African novel in English. It seeks to discover the cultural zeitgeist of its society.
Critics tend to agree that no African novelist writing in English has surp...